ChatGPT named among top 10 science newsmakers of 2023

ChatGPT has been included in Nature’s top 10 newsmaker list, aimed at recognising the people behind the biggest stories in science of the year. While not a person, the journal says ChatGPT has dominated science news in 2023 and it and artificial intelligence in general continues to influence the development and progress of science. Actual people on the list include Kalpana Kalahasti, the associate project director of India’s moon exploration mission and Brazil environment minister Marina Silva who is credited for policies that helped reduce deforestation in the Amazon.

Media release

From: Springer Nature

Nature’s 10: Nature’s list of 10 newsmakers expands to include AI

For the first time, Nature’s 10 — the journal’s annual list of ten people from around the world who were part of big stories in science in the year — adds a non-person, ChatGPT, to the group.

“ChatGPT has dominated the news this year, and its influence is being felt across science — and society,” says Richard Monastersky, chief features editor at Nature. “While this tool is not a person and doesn’t fit neatly within Nature’s 10, we expanded our list to acknowledge the profound way that generative artificial intelligence is altering the development and progress of science.”

There have been some extraordinary advances in science this year, and several people on the list were part of teams that achieved major milestones. Kalpana Kalahasti, associate project director of the Chandrayaan-3 mission for the Indian space agency, helped to engineer India’s first successful landing on the Moon. Physicist Annie Kritcher, a lead designer at the US National Ignition Facility, developed experiments that — for the first time — managed to trigger a nuclear fusion reaction that generates more energy than it consumes. Developmental biologist Katsuhiko Hayashi at Japan’s Osaka University and his colleagues produced mouse pups from the cells of two male mice for the first time. Artificial-intelligence pioneer Ilya Sutskever, chief scientist at the company OpenAI, is recognized for his central part in developing ChatGPT and the large language models that power it.

The year’s list also features two people for their work on tackling problems with global consequences. Marina Silva, Brazil’s environment minister, took policy actions that helped to reduce deforestation in the Amazon — the world’s largest tropical rainforest — after an alarming rise in the past few years. Eleni Myrivili, the United Nation’s first global chief heat officer, is helping countries to prepare for the destructive impacts of climate change.

Key advances in biomedicine featured in the work of three people selected for this year’s 10. Physician Halidou Tinto, director of the Clinical Research Unit of Nanoro in Burkina Faso, led clinical trials that helped win approval for a vaccine that could make a major difference in driving down malaria infections and deaths. Thomas Powles, a cancer researcher at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London, reported results of a clinical trial that herald a major advance in the treatment of bladder cancers and other cancers. Svetlana Mojsov, a biochemist who played a crucial role decades ago in the discovery of GLP-1, the hormone that underlies today’s blockbuster anti-obesity drugs, has fought to have her overlooked contributions finally recognized.

The list also includes one person who helped to uncover flaws in a seemingly stunning result published earlier this year. James Hamlin, a physicist at the University of Florida in Gainesville, identified problems in a report of room-temperature superconductivity, which has now been retracted.

Alongside these individuals, the Nature’s 10 list includes an entry devoted to ChatGPT and the ways it is transforming how scientists conduct and disseminate their research — as well as its broader impacts on society.

“The stories of these ten people — and one AI tool — capture some of the most significant developments in the world of science in 2023,” says Monastersky.

Note to editors:

Modern science is conducted by teams, often large ones, but the world of research is filled with human stories of individuals at work. Nature’s 10 is not an award or a top-ten ranking, but a list that explores important developments and stories in science this year and some of the people who played important parts in them, along with their colleagues. The selection is compiled by Nature’s editors to highlight an array of people who had a role in some of 2023’s most significant moments in science.

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